Adaptive Probabilistic Neuro-Fuzzy System and its Hybrid Learning in Medical Diagnostics Task

The Open Bioinformatics Journal 19 Nov 2021 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/18750362021140100123



The medical diagnostic task in conditions of the limited dataset and overlapping classes is considered. Such limitations happen quite often in real-world tasks. The lack of long training datasets during solving real tasks in the problem of medical diagnostics causes not being able to use the mathematical apparatus of deep learning. Additionally, considering other factors, such as in a dataset, classes can be overlapped in the feature space; also data can be specified in various scales: in the numerical interval, numerical ratios, ordinal (rank), nominal and binary, which does not allow the use of known neural networks. In order to overcome arising restrictions and problems, a hybrid neuro-fuzzy system based on a probabilistic neural network and adaptive neuro-fuzzy interference system that allows solving the task in these situations is proposed.


Computational intelligence, artificial neural networks, neuro-fuzzy systems compared to conventional artificial neural networks, the proposed system requires significantly less training time, and in comparison with neuro-fuzzy systems, it contains significantly fewer membership functions in the fuzzification layer. The hybrid learning algorithm for the system under consideration based on self-learning according to the principle “Winner takes all” and lazy learning according to the principle “Neurons at data points” has been introduced.


The proposed system solves the problem of classification in conditions of overlapping classes with the calculation of the membership levels of the formed diagnosis to various possible classes.


The proposed system is quite simple in its numerical implementation, characterized by a high speed of information processing, both in the learning process and in the decision-making process; it easily adapts to situations when the number of diagnostics features changes during the system's functioning.

Keywords: Medical data mining, Probabilistic neural network, Neuro-fuzzy system, Membership function, Lazy learning, Pattern recognition.
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