Iris Recognition based on Statistically Bound Spatial Domain Zero Crossing and Neural Networks

The Open Bioinformatics Journal 08 May 2024 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/0118750362294152240320062921



The iris pattern is an important biological feature of the human body. The recognition of an individual based on an iris pattern is gaining more popularity due to the uniqueness of the pattern among the people. Iris recognition systems have received attention very much due to their rich iris texture which gives robust standards for identifying individuals. Notwithstanding this, there are several challenges in unrestricted recognition environments.


This article discusses a highly error-resistant technique to implement a biometric recognition system based on the iris portion of the human eye. All iris recognition algorithms of the current day face a major problem of localization errors and the enormous time involved in this localization process. Spatial domain zero crossing may be the simplest and least complex method for localization. Yet, it has not been used due to its high sensitivity to erroneous edges, as a consequence of which more complex and time-consuming algorithms have taken its place. Appropriate statistical bounds imposed on this process help this method to be the least erroneous and time-consuming. Errors were reduced to 0.022% using this approach on the CASIA v1 & v2 datasets. Time consumption in this stage was the least compared to other algorithms. At the comparison stage, most algorithms use multiple comparisons to account for translation and rotation errors. This is time-consuming and very resource-hungry.


The current approach discusses a robust method based on a single comparison, which works with a correct recognition of over 99.78% which is clearly demonstrated by tests.


The technique is to use a neural network trained to recognize special statistical and regional parameters unique to every person’s iris. The algorithm also gives sufficient attention to consider illumination errors, elliptical pupils, excess eyelash errors and bad contrast.

Keywords: Neural network, Medical imaging, Security, Regional parameters, Statistical bounds, Zero crossing.
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