Protein-Protein Interaction Prediction using PCA and SVR-PHCS



Saeideh Mahmoudian, Abdulaziz Yousef, Nasrollah Moghadam Charkari*
Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


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© 2013 J. Moghadam Charkari et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran; E-mail: charkari@modares.ac.ir


Abstract

Protein-Protein Interactions (PPIs) play a key role in many biological systems. Thus, identifying PPIs is critical for understanding cellular processes. Many experimental techniques were applied to predict PPIs. The data extracted using these techniques are incomplete and noisy. In this regard, a number of computational methods include machine learning classification techniques have been developed to reduce the noise data and predict new PPIs.

Since, using regression methods to solve classification problems has good results in other applications. Therefore, in this paper, a regression view is applied to the PPI prediction classification problem, so a new approach is proposed using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Support Vector Regression (SVR) which has been improved by a new Parallel Hierarchical Cube Search (PHCS) method. Firstly, PCA algorithm is implemented to select an optimal subset of features which leads to reduce processing time and to lessen the effect of noise. Then, the PPIs would be predicted, by using SVR. To get a better performance of SVR, a new PHCS method has been applied to select the appropriate values of SVR parameters. The obtained classification accuracy of the proposed method is 74.505% on KUPS (The University of Kansas Proteomics Service) dataset which outperforms the other methods.

Keywords: Protein-Protein Interaction prediction, Machine Learning approach, Support Vector Regression, Parallel Hierarchical Cube Search.