SYSTEMATIC REVIEW


A Systematic Evaluation of Telehealth using Recent COVID-19 Data



Mubashir Hassan Dar1, Hilal Ahmad Sofi1, Amar Prakash Garg1, Salman Akthar2, 3, *, Punit Kumar Singh2, *
1 School of Biomedical Engineering, Shobhit University, Merrut, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Bioengineering, Integral University, Lucknow, India
3 Novel Global Community Educational Foundation, Hebersham, NSW 2770, Australia


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Creative Commons License
© 2023 Dar et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this authors at the Department of Bioengineering, Integral University, Lucknow, India; E-mails: waytopunit@yahoo.com and salmanakhtar18@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) epidemic is a global public health issue. The COVID-19 outbreak can be managed with the help of telehealth. This systematic review sought to determine the role that telehealth services played in the COVID-19 epidemic in terms of disease management, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

Methods:

Five databases were searched for this systematic review: PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect. As of December 31st, 2019, all published papers were written in English and appeared in peer-reviewed journals. These studies precisely described any use of telehealth services in all facets of healthcare during the COVID-19 outbreak. The quality of included studies was reviewed by two independent reviewers, who also gathered information and examined the search results. The Critical Appraisal Skills Program (CASP) criteria were used to evaluate quality. The results were compiled into a narrative synthesis and reported.

Results:

Of the 142 search results, eight studies were pertinent for inclusion. Currently, telemedicine is, without a doubt, suitable for reducing the risk of COVID-19 transmission among separated medical staff and patients. This approach might be used to reduce any direct physical contact, offer ongoing care to the neighbourhood and ultimately reduce the COVID-19 epidemic's morbidity and mortality rates.

Conclusion:

Telehealth enhances the delivery of healthcare services. In order to provide care during the COVID-19 outbreak while ensuring the safety of both patients and medical personnel, telemedicine should be a crucial tool.

Keywords: Telehealth, Telemedicine, COVID-19, Epidemics, Coronavirus, Pandemic.